When did bees appear?
Around hai hundred million years ago, there were no flowers and no bees. Big tough plant-eating dinosaurs roamed the earth, eating big tough plants.
Slowly things began to change. It took millions of years for the plants to start producing small, pale flowers.
Around 140 million years ago wasps appeared. The wasps ate the insects on the flowers, but they also like pollen.
About 120 million years ago, some wasps liked eating pollen so much that they stopped eating insects and turned into bees.1
The co-evolution of bees and flowers
Bees grew hair on their their bodies to hep carry pollen from plant to plant.
Flowers started developing scents and larged colored petals to attract the bees.
As incentive, flowers also developed sweet yummy nectar and longer tubes, bees developed longer tongues to take nectar.
The bees need flowers for food and flowers depend on bees as pollinators. They help each other to survive and reproduce. And not only bees and flowers, everyone benefits from their wonderful relationship.
Did you know?
The earliest dinosaurs appeared on earth around 245 million years ago, and dinosaurs were last seen when an asteroid hit the earth around 65 million years ago. The oldest fossil bees date from about 100 million years ago, which means bees and dinosaurs lived together for at least 35 million years.2
The oldest bee fossil looks a bit like a wasp, but younger bee fossils (from about 50 million years ago) show bees just like the ones we have today. Bees have survived through many challenges, existing as a miracle and keeping all of their beauty till today where many others have ended their evolutionary run.